How does cosmetic textile work?

Posted: 2014-05-15

How does cosmetic textile work?

In recent years textile materials have been used in various fields other than apparel industry like space, medical, defence, automobile and etc. Cosmetic textiles is a new concept of transfer or release of active cosmetic substance from the clothing to the human body. The principle is achieved by imparting the cosmetic and pharmaceutical ingredients into the fabric of the clothing so that with the natural movements of the body, the skin is slowly freshened and revitalised. To achieve these functional effects, microencapsulation technology appears as better way to provide satisfactory performance with increased durability.

Microencapsulation is defined as a process in which tiny particles or droplets are surrounded by a coating or embedded in a homogeneous or heterogeneous matrix, to give small capsules with many useful properties. Microencapsulation can provide a physical barrier  between the core compound and the other components of the product.

One major advantage of microencapsulation technology is its ability to protect the active cosmetic substances from hazardous environments, i.e. oxidisation, heat, acidity, alkalinity, moisture or evaporation. It also simultaneously, protects the ingredients from interacting with other compounds in the system, which may result in degradation or polymerisation. Another important advantage of this technology is its controlled release properties that seem to be the best choice for increasing efficiency and minimising environmental damage.