Main functions of Cosmetotextiles

Posted: 2014-05-07

Main functions of Cosmetotextiles


Classification of cosmetotextiles on the basis of their influence on the human body.In terms of their influence on the human body, cosmetotextiles can be classified as follows.

cosmetotextiles for slimming

cosmetotextiles for moisturising

cosmetotextiles for energising

cosmetotextiles for perfuming

cosmetotextiles for refreshing and relaxing

cosmetotextiles for vitalising

cosmetotextiles for UV protection

cosmetotextiles  for  improving  the firmness and elasticity of skin.

Cosmetotextiles for slimming

A slim body structure is desired by both men and women around the world. The textile  structures  that  work  to  offer  a slimming effect by means of yarn properties,  fabric  structure  and  finishes  are called  cosmetotextiles  for  slimming. Surgery and exhaustive exercise are two major ways to reduce cellulites. The use of compressional garments has offered a third option for slimming, as well as a reduction in muscle damage and a maintaining muscle function. Functional muscles give a better appearance and a good-looking effect by accelerating blood flow in veins. Cosmetotextiles for slimming provide rehabilitation to the wearers .

Cosmetotextiles for moisturizing

The group of textiles that works to provide a moisturising effect on human skin is  called  cosmetotextiles  for  moisturising. Squalane, a stable form of squalene and a major component of lipids, can be extracted from various essential oils like olive oil and shark liver. Squalane is able to add a layer of oil on the human skin to suppress water loss from the skin in order to keep it soft and supple. A squalane substance  with  several  hydrophilic groups has an affinity to form hydrogen bonds  with  water  molecules  on  human skin. Squalane is able to reduce the presence of wrinkles and fine lines due to its humectant  potential.  Human  skin  easily absorbs  and  spreads  squalane  with  zero oily and greasy marks. Textiles which are able  to  deliver  squalene  in  a  controlled manner  can  be  used  as  cosmetotextiles for moisturising .

Nanotechnology can lead to the development of hydrophilic textile surfaces. The

integration of TiO2increases the possibility of moisture absorbance on textile surfaces through the photocatalytic process. In the case of polyethylene fibres, a thin film of TiO2can be deposited using the layer-by-layer  deposition  method  . This  approach  can  be  used  to  develop quick-dry  textiles  for  sports  or  outdoor clothing.

 Cosmetotextiles  for  slimming require a large amount of ingredients on human skin. In the case of typical pantyhose, 4% of a skin moisturising ingredient is required for a single daily dose.

Cosmetotextiles for energizing

Some of the textile articles able to lift the energy level of a human being are called cosmetotextiles  for  energizing.  CoQ10 is  a  shorter  for  coenzyme  Q10.  Human body cells use this coenzyme to enhance movement  and  energy  level.  Moreover, it is a natural antioxidant . Although scientific proofs are not available, the authors believe that it can be a useful substance to develop textiles for energising.

Cosmetotextiles for perfuming

A textile article that absorbs foul odours and offers pleasing perfumes is called a cosmetotextile for perfuming. The growing  awareness  to  protect  the  human  being from foul body odours by providing a pleasant smell is the driving force behind the  development  of  a  good  deodorant textile. A variety of synthetic and natural products  are  used  to  add  the  functionality  of  deodorancy  to  textiles.  Chitin, chitosan,  acetyl-glucosamise,  D-glucosamide and various essential oils like clove,  jasmine,  lavender,  hyssop,  sandalwood, rose and frankincense etc. are used to achieve a perfuming effect. The incorporation of deodorant into a textile substrate  is  conducted  during  polymerisation or during dope formation/ or at the finishing stage.

Cosmetotextiles for refreshing and relaxing

A textile structure that enables to provide a  refreshing  and  relaxing  effect  comes under the class of cosmetotextiles for refreshing and relaxing. In the summer, a cool feeling gives a refreshing and relaxing sensation that can be achieved either by  using  phase  change  materials  in  the form  of  microcapsules  or  by  increasing the  area  of  contact  between  high  moisture-transmitting  fibrous  surfaces  and the human body. The highest cooling is required in the armpits, back, chest and shoulders  because  these  areas  are  most prone to sweating .

Cosmetotextiles for vitalising

A textile structure that is able to release revitalising aromas synthesised by plants and  fruit  based  ingredients  like  ginger, menthol,  orange  or  rosemary  at  a  slow rate comes under the category of vitalising textiles. These ingredients are added to  textiles  using  the  microencapsulation technique. The durability of this function remains even after a number of launderings. Vitalising cosmetotextiles are suitable for bathrobes and other similar purposes .

Cosmetotextiles for UV protection

Prolonged  exposures  to  ultraviolet  radiation  can  result  in  skin  damage,  such as sunburn, premature skin aging, allergies, and even skin cancer, which results in  an  inferiority  complex  in  the  human being. Textiles which can provide effective protection against such damage are called cosmetotextiles for UV protection. The  fabric  cover  factor  directly  decides the  protection  against  UV  radiation  but indirectly depends on the type of weave, depth  of  shade,  fabric  areal  density, stretchability, wetness and washing cycle of  the  fabric.  1,2-ethanediol,  Zn  nanoparticles, iron oxide, zinc oxide, titanium oxide,  carbon  black,  bi-reactive  oxalic acid,  dianitide  derivatives  and  various other chemicals are used to improve the UV  protection  factor  (UPF)  of  textiles .

Cosmetotextiles for improving the firmness and elasticity of skin

A specialised group of textiles dedicated to improving the firmness and elasticity of  human  skin  is  classified  as  cosmetotextiles for the firmness and elasticity of skin. These textiles are capable of releasing some natural products that soothe the skin, thereby improving the firmness and elasticity  of  skin  in  a  controlled  manner . Padina Pavonica is believed to improve  the  firmness  and  elasticity  of human skin. It is extracted from the protective coating of a brown algae found in the Mediterranean Sea.